Wetland Advocacy and Resource Center (WARC) is a pioneer effort of the Coastal Development Partnership (CDP) to build a specialized institute, dedicated for the Conservation and Wise Use of the Wetlands in Bangladesh.
The wetlands in Bangladesh include rivers, estuaries, mangrove swamps, haors (marsh/deeply flooded depressions in the north-east), baors (oxbow lakes), and beels (permanent and seasonal shallow lakes in floodplain depressions), water storage reservoirs, ﬁsh ponds, and some other lands, which suffer from seasonal inundation.
Coastal Development Partnership (CDP) is a not-for-profit, public interest serving progressive development & environmental activist organization, working in Bangladesh. On January 01, 1997, CDP was instituted as a coordinating secretariat for a network of NGOs trying to relieve the sufferings of the people of the waterlogged areas in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh. Begun as an information exchange and meeting place for advocacy NGOs, gradually CDP become part of the broader environmental movement and gradually moving towards for building an environmental think tank organization.
Bangladesh possesses enormous area of wetlands including rivers and streams, freshwater lakes and marshes, haors, baors, beels, water storage reservoirs, fish ponds, flooded cultivated fields and estuarine systems with extensive mangrove swamps. Wetlands of coastal and marine origin are less important in Bangladesh. The haors, baors, beels and jheels are of fluvial origin and are commonly identified as freshwater wetlands. These freshwater wetlands occupy four landscape units - floodplains, freshwater marshes, lakes and swamp forests.
The Tanguar Haor is a unique wetland ecosystem in Bangladesh. This biologically diverse area is home to a vast array of rare plant and animal species, and supports more than 60,000 livelihoods. In 2000, the Tanguar Haor was declared a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance. The wetland is not only a globally important site for biodiversity, but the Tanguar Haor also plays a critical economic role for Bangladesh. The wetland supports freshwater fisheries, directly sustains the livelihoods from over 100 surrounding villages and contributes to the country's food production and security.
The Sundarban is the largest littoral mangrove belt in the world, stretching 80km (50 mi) into the Bangladeshi hinterland from the coast. The forests aren't just mangrove swamps though; they include some of the last remaining stands of the mighty jungles which once covered the Gangetic plain. The Sundarban covers an area of 38,500 sq km, of which about one-third is covered in water. Since 1966 the Sundarban has been a wildlife sanctuary and it is estimated that there are now 400 Royal Bengal tigers and about 30,000 spotted deer in the area.