Wetland Advocacy and Resource Center
Bangladesh Wetland Info
Bangladesh possesses enormous area of wetlands including rivers and streams, freshwater lakes and marshes, haors, baors, beels, water storage reservoirs, fish ponds, flooded cultivated fields and estuarine systems with extensive mangrove swamps. Wetlands of coastal and marine origin are less important in Bangladesh. The haors, baors, beels and jheels are of fluvial origin and are commonly identified as freshwater wetlands. These freshwater wetlands occupy four landscape units - floodplains, freshwater marshes, lakes and swamp forests.
The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sunderbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site covering parts of Bangladesh and India.
The Tanguar Haor is a unique wetland ecosystem in Bangladesh. This biologically diverse area is home to a vast array of rare plant and animal species, and supports more than 60,000 livelihoods. In 2000, the Tanguar Haor was declared a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance. The wetland is not only a globally important site for biodiversity, but the Tanguar Haor also plays a critical economic role for Bangladesh. The wetland supports freshwater fisheries, directly sustains the livelihoods from over 100 surrounding villages and contributes to the country's food production and security.